Bostonians discuss Tom Brady’s Unretirement

This video is about Tom Brady’s return to football after he announced in a press release that he was retiring. Forty days later he “unretired.” He will not be returning to the New England Patriots. He will now be playing for the Tampa Buccaneers. Many Bostonians have an opinion on this which is shown in this short movie.

Digital subscriptions rise since lockdown began

I know it's blurry. Idk how to fix

  1. At first. I wanted to find a data set for how many people subscribe to The Boston Globe in certain areas. However, upon research this information was unavailable.
  2. In my research I found that there was a surge in subscriptions to The Boston Globe since the pandemic started.
  3. From there, my professor advised I look at bigger cities and compare the data. Thus, my new question became: Which city had the biggest surge in online subscriptions since the pandemic started?
  4. I first wanted to see how much subscription rates had gone up as a whole before going deeper.
  5. I was kicked out of the lab because they close at ludicrous hours on a Friday
  6. Yet again, kicked out due to a class
  7. Then I researched which cities had the biggest surge in subscriptions
  8. From this, I created an excel sheet and started copying numbers into excel sheet for data to later make charts in Tableau
  9. Interrupted and no longer in lab. Continuing…
  10. Have fully inserted numbers into excel
  11. Making a table using numbers to see rise or fall of sales
  12. Did not have access to Tableau to make charts but I did make one on Excel to represent the rise of digital subscriptions since the lockdown started and ended




Tableau chart


Let’s Play Would You Rather… Employment Edition.

After reading this dataset I think we all were nagged with the question “Should I become a Boston Police Lieutenant..?” or maybe that was just me… Either way, I was gobsmacked right in the face when I read they make $129,530.83! While I do understand they have earned their stripes and all that jazz I was still saddened to see that those teaching our children that might very well grow up to be those men in blue were making less. However, I do think to compare the two is irresponsible of me because while one educates our youth, the other (depending on who you ask, of course) terminates the possibility of criminal activity in addition to other tasks like supervising patrol sergeants, police officers, and detectives who carry out crime suppression and investigative tasks. But then I saw that special education teachers make significantly less as well and that is a very big problem to me. All children deserve top-notch education and those trying to teach them to deserve to be paid for their services. Teaching children especially children with special needs is extremely difficult.

When I was young I was diagnosed with Dyslexia and Attention deficit disorder and was put in a special school named Curry Ingram Academy where I could get targeted help because school systems inadvertently have children fall between the cracks for the sake of moving the class along and my parents did not want that to happen (blessed). I was by far the easiest child to teach and I was not an easy child by any stretch of the imagination I’ll tell you that right now. It was there that I saw how many severe learning disorders there are in the world and how patience really is an activity one must practice every day. To think that teachers of special needs children are not being paid what they deserve sickens me. Not only is it emotionally grueling on teachers (special needs children or children deemed as “normal”) but also teaching is dangerous. No, I’m not talking saying this because of the rising school shootings but because students can be dangerous. We forget that and the world we live in allows us to.

Teachers and police officers are necessary in the world we live in today. One could argue that teachers are more so to some degree because they are the ones who can better mold someone into becoming someone that is not a criminal. That’s alot of responsibility for just one person to carry and should be recognized by our system as such. Some days police officers only hand out parking tickets. They are not coming face to face with a gun every day like many people expect. Meanwhile, teachers have become accustomed to learning that they might have to encounter them not because they sought it but because they work at a school. It is hard to understand why those shaping the youth (thus preventing possible crime) come in contact with many of the same issues cops come into contact with (drugs, guns, outbursts, etc) and are paid less when one of those two didn’t sign up to risk their lives every day and the other did.

  • Who collects this data set? If it’s an organization, which department of the organization? Is there a specific person listed who you could contact?
    • City of Boston
    • Contact point: Department of Innovation and Technology
    • Email:
  • Why do you think the organization collects this data? Does it specify how it uses the data?
    • It collects this data so employees can see the budget, employment, finances and operations in Boston.
  • What time period does the data set cover?
    • It covers 2011-2019 and was modified in 2020.
  • What are some questions you have about this data set? (Note: they can be basic like “why is this data being collected?” or very specific like “what does the field BUS_LIC_STATUS mean?”)
    • Why is the data centered on police departments and schools?
  • Who are three types of people you could interview about this data set in order to learn more?
    • Someone from Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and License (PDDL), the Department of Innovation and Technology, a teacher, or a cop.

MedHead Massachusetts and Cultivating California

Massachusetts and California could not be any more different. Yet, many people find themselves torn between the two fairly often. While one person might crave the affection of the sun another might enjoy the inversion of the seasons. While it is buyer’s choice there is a lot more to it.

We can conclude from DataUSA that jobs have a lot to do with location and colleges. Seeing that the most specialized field in Massachusetts is “Medical scientists, & life scientists, all other (4 times higher than expected), Other Physical Scientists (3.77 times), and Podiatrists (3.34 times).” one can assume that it is because there are so many colleges in Massachusets geared towards those studies. Thus, many people studying science and whatnot are more prone to studying here, getting a job here, and living here.

Results for specialized fields in California could not be any more different. According to DataUSA, “Compared to other states, California has an unusually high number of residents working as Graders & sorters, agricultural products (3.25 times higher than expected), Actors (3.17 times), and Miscellaneous agricultural workers, including animal breeders (2.66 times).” It is pretty obvious why as California has weather any crop would dream to grow in. However, there is more to it. Following farming, second to agriculture most people living in California are actors/actresses, followed by fashion designers, and so on.

California has 74 agricultural colleges and 16 medical schools. Massachusetts has 4 medical colleges and minimal agricultural colleges. We can see from this that those wanting to work in medicine have more opportunities in Mass. despite not having as many schools to choose from due to the accolades and prestige of the schools here no matter how few there may be. In other words, reputation matters and it looks like Massachusetts has earned the reputation for being a land where MedHeads can congregate and scientists can collaborate. What a time to be alive!


Reviewing FiveThirtyEight Article

Anna WiederkehrJay Boice and Neil Paine ate and left no crumbs when writing their article The NFL Does Revolve Around Tom Brady published on January 11th at 6:00 AM on

This article focused on the Tampa Bay Buccaneers quarterback, Tom Brady with an emphasis on him being the nucleus of the NFL if the NFL were an atom. In other words, Tom Brady is the NFL’s claim to fame in most recent years. This article does an impeccable job of recapping just the right amount so that the reader knows the gravity of Brady’s pull in the franchise, his talent, and what separates him from the many other players before him.

To demonstrate Brady’s impact on QB passes and connections to other players on the field, Wiederkehr, Boice, and Paine gave us a stunningly interactive data visualization tracing all the passes connected to Brady. This data is interesting, informative and makes a complicated thought easy to compute.

Tom Brady Quarterback Connections

School Shootings Increasing Across America 149 in 2021 Alone

Despite the fact that the pandemic hindered schools from opening their doors in 2019 and 2020, it did not hinder school shootings in 2021. In fact, 14 school shootings were reported in the year 2021 according to this article on Education

This article reminds us that “The COVID-19 pandemic, and the resulting shift to remote learning, interrupted the trend of school shootings, the data show, as there were only 10 shootings in all of 2020 compared to 25 in 2019 and 24 in 2018.” However, we cannot ignore the steady increase in school shootings across the country as data reveals.

The first school shooting that is documented in America occurred in 1764. It is known as the Pontiac Rebellion School Massacre. 13 students went into class that day and only 3 came out (Dixon,2005). During the 19th century, there were 49 K–12 school shootings. In the 20th century there were 207 K–12 school shootings nationwide., Since 2000 there have been 152 K–12 school shootings. School violence has amplified by 19% in the 21st century.

Needless to say, parents, teachers, administrators, counselors and students are alarmed. Recently, yet again U.S. citizens hear of another school shooting. A 15-year-old student was charged with murder and terrorism in Oxford Township, Mich. For killing four students and injuring more. According to The Associated Press/USA TODAY/Northeastern University Mass Killings database this school shooting was the deadliest school shooting since the Santa Fe, Texas, High School massacre in 2018. Let us not forget that the U.S. has had 31 mass killings this year of which 28 involved firearms.

When it comes to ages, 69% of those committing violent acts using a gun within the school were between 10 and 19 years of age. Meanwhile, 15% were students between the ages of 20 and 29 (Vossekuil et al., 2002). The perpetrators race is also documented, 76% were Caucasian, 12% were African American, 2% were Native American, and 2% were Asian (Lee, 2013). 99% of these school shootings were committed by males. One-fifth of these students were diagnosed with a mental disorder yet 78% of school shooters had a history of suicide attempts before the date of their attack.

The hardest question to answer is why someone especially a student would want to do such a permanent and awful action. Data shows that the two leading cases are bullying at 87% and side effects from prescribed psychiatric drugs at 12%. However, a federal investigation in the United States has not studied the relationship between psychiatric drugs and acts of school shootings so far.

In order to see just how much school shootings have increased since 2013 (Sandy Hook school shooting) alone, here is a line chart:

Line chart


For a more in-depth map please go to Education Week.


Lee, J. H. (2013). School shootings in the U.S. public schools: Analysis through the eyes of an educator. Review of Higher Education and Self-Learning, 6, 88–120.

Vossekuil, B., Fein, R. A., Reddy, M., Borum, R., & Modzeleski, W. (2002). The final report and findings of the safe school initiative: Implications for the prevention of school attacks in the United States. Washington, DC: U.S. Secret Service and U.S. Department of Education.

Dixon, D. (2005). Never come to peace again: Pontiac’s uprising and the fate of the British Empire in North America. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.

The Heat Vs. Us

The proof is in the pudding or, in this case, in the heat and graveyards, the article Earth is overheating. Millions are already feeling the pain. (Links to an external site.)   reveals that people of the poorer class are suffering from the consequences of humanity, specifically the heat. This is not just an issue identified to one country in particular but worldwide. This article also brings in another matter that those with less money have suffered from more than those of wealth, and that is Covid. This article shows us that those with less money are pushed aside in many respects, which is just as big a problem as the environment itself.

The evidence that is provided varies. Through data and a wide range of interviews, one can conclude that this is true. The reader is immersed into the lives of 6 individuals where photography and discussion reveal that extreme heat is not a problem for the future but a problem of the past and very much the present.  Not only for the planet but also those with less protection from the heat, as this quote explains, “Episodes of extreme humid heat at levels the human body cannot tolerate for many hours at a time have more than doubled in frequency since 1979, according to a recent scientific paper. South Asia and the Gulf Coast of the United States are among the places hardest hit. Sweat can’t evaporate as fast. The body can’t cool down.”

It is hard to ignore the turmoil glazed through each and every photo intertwined throughout this piece. Most people need a visual to understand the emotion behind the words. The photographers did a great job capturing the essence of what this means for those experiencing extreme heat and poverty. The images provide depth, evidence, understanding, and a truth that is indelible for those living it.

When your eyes leave the page one question begs to be answered- can humans that are not suffering firsthand from these environmental woes empathize enough to change their ways for the betterment of others and the planet? Furthermore, has Covid-19 and the media’s silence on this crisis shown us that empathy has been lost? Some might argue that these people choose to live this way or that it is not because of fossil fuels that Earth is overheating. This way of thinking is how we got to this point. There is no other argument besides opinion, and while opinions are respected, opinions are not facts.